COQOS Hypervisor SDK

COQOS Hypervisor SDK enables the convergence of several functionalities on a single hardware while providing freedom of interference between systems of different criticality. A typical use case is the safe cockpit controller that runs an instrument cluster and in-vehicle infotainment system simultaneously, on a single processor.

The core technology of COQOS Hypervisor SDK is the hypervisor. The hypervisor makes it possible to run several guest Operating Systems (including Linux, Android, AUTOSAR or other operating systems) in separated virtual machines. OpenSynergy’s hypervisor is a next generation hypervisor, taking full advantage of the newest hardware extensions and specially tailored to the needs of automotive applications. High efficiency and absolute functional reliability are achieved by a lean kernel and support for hardware virtualization. Guest operating systems such as Linux or Android do not need to be adapted to run in a VM. The applications on these guests achieve a performance approaching that of natively executed applications. The system is extraordinarily flexible, economical, and functionally reliable due to the minimal trusted code-base. OpenSynergy has applied its long-lasting experience and highly specialized automotive expertise to the development of this product.

On top of the hypervisor, the SDK provides modular features corresponding to the needs of the customer. The IXCF Communication Framework transfers data securely between the VMs: it provides virtual networking between the VMs and allows the efficient sharing of data and events. In addition, COQOS Hypervisor SDK contains the drivers required to share specific SoC resources, including sharing mass storeage, graphics processing or displays.

For customers who needs seamless integration of the ECU into the in-vehicle network, running multipurpose software systems simultaneously on the same platform, COQOS Hypervisor SDK can provide a pre-integrated AUTOSAR environment in a dedicated VM. It offers the fastest option for installing standard AUTOSAR-compliant automotive services, such as diagnostics, and it makes it possible to use AUTOSAR software components that implement real-time applications.

The COQOS hypervisor has been developed according to Automotive SPICE and ISO26262 ASIL-B practices.

You find here a description of a typical use case such as a “Safe Cockpit Controller“.


Providing scalability and flexibility

COQOS Hypervisor SDK can scale across various applications. It can run on compact microprocessors as well as high-performance multicore processors. It can be used for small, simple systems with just a few virtual machines (VMs).

At the same time, it is also perfect for complex infotainment systems with several guest operating systems, each running in its own virtual machine.

Using hardware more efficiently

The assignment of VMs to cores in a multicore processor is highly flexible. Several VMs can access one core, or, vice versa, one VM can tap into the computing power of several cores. Due to the minimalistic Type-1 Hypervisor it takes maximal advantage of hardware virtualization extensions.

Improving safety

Having separate VMs for isolated functions, COQOS Hypervisor SDK provides the benefit that functional disruptions cannot affect systems in other VM. This architecture simplifies the challenge of high functional safety. The hypervisor is designed from the ground up for supporting applications with high requirements in terms of safety and security.

A configurable system supervisor (watchdog) in a separate VM can monitor the behavior of specific applications and intervene if the system does not respond properly.

Providing security

Guest operating systems run independently of each other on the software VM in COQOS Hypervisor SDK. In this way, the partitioning is able to function as a firewall, offering protection from outside attacks.

Integrating AUTOSAR seamlessly

COQOS Hypervisor SDK contains a CAN Gateway (COQOSAR) which is integrated in a VM dedicated for this:

• It enables seamless integration of the ECU running COQOS Hypervisor SDK into the in-vehicle network
• It offers the fastest option for installing standard AUTOSAR-compliant automotive services such as diagnostics
• It makes it possible to use AUTOSAR software components that implement real-time applications.

Saving time and money

Using open source software makes it possible to reuse software systems from the field of consumer electronics. This reduces R&D costs and shortens the time required to development.

Efficient hypervisor

The COQOS hypervisor

  • has a lean and innovative design providing high performance, safety and security without legacy burdens. It supports full virtualization of the CPU for the guest OS.
  • has been developed according to Automotive SPICE and ISO26262 ASIL-B practices, building upon years of experience in research and automotive mass production
  • has no open source components
  • Supports full automotive use-cases and automotive multi-core SoCs.

Hardware Support

Target processor architectures

  • ARMv7VE-A
  • ARMv8-A
  • Intel® x86-64

 

SoCs

  • NXP i.MX 8
  • Texas Instruments Jacinto 6
  • Qualcomm Snapdragon™ 820A
  • Renesas R-Car H3
  • Intel® Atom™ E3826
  • For target support packages please contact OpenSynergy.

 

Hypervisor

The hypervisor creates virtual machines (VMs):

  • Type-1 hypervisor which runs directly on the host’s hardware to control the hardware and to manage guest operating systems
  • Hardware virtualization enables: ◦ shorter development time ◦ guest OS can run unmodified ◦ better performance
  • Partitioning of processor resources (execution time and memory)
  • Periphery only visible from the VM it is assigned to
  • Scheduling enables to run several virtual cores on a single physical core.


Android and Linux

COQOS SDK supports the following guest
operating systems:

  • Latest linux versions (following roadmap of chipset vendors)
  • Latest Android versions (following roadmap of chipset vendors).


COQOSAR

The AUTOSAR environment COQOSAR incorporates the:

  • AUTOSAR Operating System (Release 4.x)
  • CAN driver
  • CAN gateway
  • OpenSynergy’s Automotive Communication Framework (ACF)

Features

Fast-boot
COQOS SDK includes a fast-boot loader and a modular-boot mechanism, which allows VMs to load and start sequentially.


Shared Drivers

Several VMs with graphic-intensive applications fulfilling different requirements on safety and real-time performance can share one display surface (Shared Graphics) and can use the same Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) and display hardware concurrently (Shared GPU).


Shared Hardware

Many important use cases require that a single hardware resource is shared among multiple VMs. OpenSynergy’s approach enables graphical output of VMs that run on top of a hypervisor with different requirements in terms of safety and real time performance on one or multiple displays.


Inter-X Communication Framework (IXCF)

IXCF transfers data between VMs running multi-purpose or real time operating systems. IXCF consist of:

  • Automotive Communication Framework (ACF)
  • Virtual Network (VNET)
  • Virtual Character Driver (VCHAR)


System Supervisor

A configurable watchdog (contained in a separate VM) can observe the behavior of specific applications, and take action when the system does not behave correctly