Android™ ecosystem

What is Android™ Automotive OS?
Android Automotive OS is an operating system that runs independently in an automotive infotainment system. It is a variant of Google’s Android operating system that has been adapted for in-vehicle cockpit use. In contrast to Android Auto, which only mirrors the content of a connected smartphone, Android Automotive OS is independent of external devices, which allows manufacturers to integrate it more deeply into the vehicle’s infrastructure. As a result, Android Automotive OS can access vehicle information and control functions that are not safety-relevant, such as air conditioning. Several automakers have already expressed interest in using Android Automotive OS in their vehicles.

Why Android ?

Many drivers have become accustomed to Android through everyday use of the smartphone, including the popular voice assistants, which are more familiar than the proprietary voice assistance solutions offered by automobile manufacturers. They prefer this system as well because Google and the Android community regularly keep the operating system up to date.

The most important reason for the introduction of Android, however, is the fact that drivers can use a large number of services through Google Automotive Services (GAS). Consumers are already familiar with such services that they use to download APPs from the Google Play Store to their mobile devices. As with the Play Store, the GAS enables third-party developers to deliver Android applications that meet nearly any customer need. No automaker could match such a wide range of applications to meet customer needs.

Another important reason is that Android is not only practical for end-users, but it also helps manufacturers and suppliers to develop their IVIs. It provides de facto standard interfaces such as Audio control and playback, media playback, storage device management (USB drives, SD cards, etc.), support for 2D and 3D graphics playback, wireless connectivity (e.g., Bluetooth, Wi-Fi), cameras, input (e.g., B. Touch, keyboard), etc. With Android Automotive OS, Google can offer automotive companies a high degree of freedom, which allows them to design the operating system according to their requirements.

There is strong evidence that open-source operating systems, and in particular Android, will emerge as a de facto standard in the In-vehicle Infotainment System (IVI) domain. Major OEMs, such as Volvo Cars, Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi, General Motors, PSA, and FCA, have recently announced their intentions to adopt Android Automotive OS.

To boost the adoption of Android in the Automotive domain, OpenSynergy provides complimentary Automotive-Grade software components tailored for Android Open Source Project (AOSP). AOSP is the repository that hosts the Android Automotive OS.

We enable the integration of Android Automotive OS in the virtualized IVI
Android Automotive OS has a pre-integrated open source virtualization framework (VIRTIO) and can be integrated into virtualized platforms that support VIRTIO. VIRTIO is an industry-standard currently finding its way into the automotive industry. The OASIS consortium promotes and maintains this standard for “OASIS (VIRTIO) Virtual I/O Device standard.” OpenSynergy and Google are members of OASIS, and they are working together on deploying open standards in the automotive domain. There where the automotive-specific VIRTIO interfaces are missing, the two companies are working within the OASIS consortium to close the gap.

This is why OpenSynergy provides a mature VIRTIO-based virtualization platform that it has tailored especially to automotive applications. The company has already used VIRTIO for many features in its COQOS Hypervisor SDK. This SDK is currently the most mature virtualized platform for automobiles with an open standard on the market and, therefore, the perfect companion for a virtualized Android automotive operating system. COQOS Hypervisor SDK guarantees secure integration with other operating systems, such as Linux, an RTOS, or other Android instances. Each operating system can have different functional safety requirements (= different ASIL levels) because it runs in a separate virtual machine. The operating systems run entirely independently.

Product COQOS Hypervisor SDK

Google is currently collaborating with OpenSynergy and Qualcomm to ensure that Android Automotive OS can run in a virtualized environment without changes while still complying with all Android compatibility requirements, such as Compatibility Definition Document (CDD), Compatibility Test Suite (CTS). The outcome of this cooperation is a virtualized reference platform that reduces development cost and time by simplifying the deployment and maintenance of Android. Further, it facilitates the migration and update of Android when running on a VIRTIO-based virtualization platform.

Link Press release

The latest version of the COQOS Hypervisor SDK supports various VIRTIO devices, and this includes all the devices that Android Automotive OS needs for the seamless integration with an IVI-System.

OpenSynergy provides this support in detail:

  • VIRTIO block device, VIRTIO 2D GPU (display), VIRTIO input, VIRTIO console, and VIRTIO net are part of the VIRTIO v1.1 specification and are already in series production with COQOS Hypervisor SDK.
  • VIRTIO 3D GPU (OpenGL), VIRTIO vsock (socket communication), VIRTIO rpmb (secure storage), VIRTIO scmi (clocks and sensors), VIRTIO video, and VIRTIO sound are part of the virtualized Android reference implementation and COQOS Hypervisor SDK, and they are already in production.

 

This support results in the following advantages for customers who use Android Automotive OS in their IVI:

  • reference platform used by the Android Automotive community
  • most mature VIRTIO-based platform in the market
  • usage of open standards, thus it leverages a large worldwide community of developers
  • tailored to automotive use cases
  • allows customers to get up and running in few days
  • usage of a CTS tested Android (by Google)
  • easy upgrade of Android and BSP to quickly mature the customer solution
  • significant reduction in effort to switch the hardware vendor

 

We facilitate the use of Bluetooth in Android Automotive OS
With its Blue SDK Fusion, OpenSynergy offers full integration of the Blue SDK Bluetooth protocol stack and profiles into the Android Automotive OS. Blue SDK provides industry-leading interoperability that has been proven over the last 20 years and deployed in over 300 million automotive units worldwide. OpenSynergy has developed Blue SDK Fusion to meet the demanding Bluetooth requirements and complex use cases of the automotive industry and accelerate the entire development process. At the same time, it offers unparalleled flexibility and control, reduced costs, proven quality, and robustness. The hardware-independent design of Blue SDK Fusion makes it easy to switch to other hardware with minimal effort. Blue SDK Fusion maintains API compatibility and is fully compliant with Android compatibility requirements, including CTS, ATS, and VTS.

Customers of Blue SDK Fusion gain direct access to our highly experienced development team with deep Bluetooth and Android expertise, who provide fast and detailed responses to technical queries.

Product Blue SDK Fusion

We complement Android Automotive OS with real radio
Android currently comes with an app allowing Internet Radio (also called IP radio), but not traditional broadcast radio (such as FM, AM, DAB, or HD Radio). Internet radio apps increase the number of radio stations that can be received compared to traditional radio standards such as FM, DAB, or HD radio. Drivers expect radio consistent quality in radio reception in any location and at any speed. Currently, only conventional radio receivers can meet this requirement, so this is why the Radio Tuner SDK from OpenSynergy complements Android Automotive OS.

The Radio Tuner SDK contains all the necessary control and driver software components to implement the traditional broadcast radio functionality. It also supports a wide variety of commonly used automotive tuner system-on-chip (SoC) solutions. Finally, it implements Software Defined Radio (SDR). This means the software implementation of components traditionally implemented in hardware, such as standard digital radio decoders.

The advantages of the Radio Tuner SDK as a supplement to the Android Automotive OS:

  • high compatibility with Android
  • already proven in series production
  • highly configurable
  • supports radio standards worldwide
  • shortens development time
  • includes software-defined radio, which reduces and optimizes hardware
  • provides tools for analyzing operations and services as well as monitoring tuner behavior in a real environment
  • supports IP / hybrid radio solutions

Product Radio Tuner SDK


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